More and more economists demand that GDP should not be the sole parameter for the calculation of economic growth. The alternatives? Bhutan's "Gross Happiness Product" or the well-being index of the British government. But what do these alternatives offer - and how can they be measured?
We generally use per-capita income to measure prosperity. In Germany, per-capita income has increased by the factor twenty between 1950 and 2001, and it has increased fivefold if corrected for inflation. But has our wealth increased as well? This question touches two overlapping problems: The meanin
On the 25 November 2010, UK Prime Minister David Cameron and National Statistician Jil Matheson launched a national debate about measuring well-being in Britain. New measures are being developed after increasing understanding that Gross Domestic Product (GDP), while an important indicator of economi
There is evidence in the archaeological record going back 6000 years that indicates societies geared towards hyper-consumption and overextension have a tendency to dominate and overwhelm more 'conservationist minded' neighbors. Deliberate overextension that leads to risk and war can be a practical
The idea of a twitter-revolution is catching on -in Tunisia and Egypt. Social media are changing the information flow and help to bypass monopolies of power. But change and freedom are still fought for in the streets.
It is hard to turn on the news these days without hearing a discussion of the role of social media in the recent events in the Middle East. But what our research tells us, first and foremost, is that we won’t have a clear picture of this until the dust settles, and the data is collected and analyz
Some Western pundits have disparaged the importance of social media as a vehicle for reform in the Middle East and North Africa. However, observers must be careful not to examine the socio-political conditions in the region through a Western prism. Studies of social media’s penetrability and impac
All too often, Western pundits talk about digital activism in developing countries as if it were some phenomenon bestowed upon poor young foreigners by the moguls of Silicon Valley or worse, the US government. To listen to the recent speech of Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi, you’d think they were
It’s not surprising that a disaffected population under a repressive or corrupt regime would find an ally in Twitter, Facebook, or other social networks. These online applications are now an essential part of how the world communicates, particularly on Smart Phones, which are fast becoming the pla
Right-wing parties have expanded their voting base throughout Europe: Geert Wilders in the Netherlands, Jimmie Akesson in Sweden, the FPÖ in Austria. What unites them is the abandonment of classical nationalism and the exploitation of popular fears.
9/11 was yesterday. Since the 9/11-attacks the antagonism between „we“ and „they“ has classified the debate on Islam: We, the West. They, the Muslims. Democracy and liberty here, jihad and oppression there. That confrontation used to be the foundation on which critics and right-wing demagogu
Roma in France; Sami in Sweden; Albanians in Italy. The far right mobilises support through fear of ‘the Other’. Who that Other is depends upon time, place and contingency. Historically, fascism identified Communists and Jews, amongst others, as the enemy within, with horrifying results. Whilst
Right-wing populist parties have recently gained new political momentum in Europe by mobilizing against the perceived ‘Islamization of Europe’ and promoting themselves as defenders of ‘Western European cultural identity’ against a culture they consider inferior, inassimilable and therefore d
Every year, Western nations export small arms and large weapons systems to countries around the globe. Tight export regulations are designed to prevent misuse and ethically questionable deals. But how effective can they be? The Libyan example demonstrates the limits of regulations and oversight.
When the European Union released its XII Report on control of exports of military technology and equipment on 13 January it received no media attention. The suppression of peaceful protesters with weapons supplied by EU states exposed the reality behind the 400-pages of data. EU arms exports to the
Whenever acute, heavy conflict arise in a region, arms embargoes are usually established reasonably quick. Generally, this decision is heralded. Yet what about the time before and after such measures? Unfortunately, hypocrisy, double standards and business deals dominate this subject matter in Europ
Secretly checking emails, twittering from the restroom, online 24/7. How addicted to the "social media" phenomenon have we become? Markus Albert attempts to find out himself.
Social media and Google are quickly becoming invaluable to our lives. By breaking with old structures, the little start-up emerged as the most dominant force of the Internet Age.
The Scottish National Party is governing from Edinburgh. Their central aim: independence from England. But this does not necessarily spell doom for the UK. Instead, we might see the emergence of new forms of partial sovereignty.
The German federal government is relinquishing power to the EU in Brussels. Yet encouraged by the success of regional autonomy movements elsewhere, Bavarians want to bring politics back to Southern Germany - and closer to the people.
The long shadow of the Soviet Union can be felt even today. Around Russia, former republics and part-republics are experiencing turmoil across national and ethnic borders. If Moscow is not careful to play her cards right, destabilizing forces could soon become energized.
Our understanding of the universe is continuously expanding. But every question that is solved only leads to new questions. Alexander Goerlach talked to Sir Martin Rees about astronomy, scientific certainty, and the role of religion in contemporary society.